Thursday, 14 December 2017

Views of Calcutta, Part 3

Image 11

View of Chowringee Road, Calcutta, 1787

Date: 1787

This is a view of the new buildings on Chowringee in Calcutta. Chowringee Road (now Jawaharlal Nehru Road) runs along the east side of the Maidan, a large open area of land in the centre of Calcutta. In the late eighteenth century, Chowringee became the main European residential area of Calcutta and was characterised by Palladian houses that were set in spacious grounds. (BH/TD/7)

Saturday, 19 August 2017

Examination of credible inputs in respect of Netaji mystery

Examination of credible inputs in respect of Netaji mystery

The disappearance mystery of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose is yet to be solved.

Recently a controversy arose when Mr. Mahender Kumar, DS (Security), Ministry of Home Affairs, in a reply dated 30.05.2017, to a RTI request with registration number MHOME/R/2017/50894 and related to Netaji mystery, had stated, inter alia, that “the Government has come to the conclusion that Netaji had died in the plane crash on 18.08.1945”.

Sunday, 31 July 2016

Views of Calcutta, Part 2

Image 6

View of Clive Street, old Fort William and Hollwell's Monument, Calcutta, 1786

Date: 1786

This view looks along Clive Street. The eastern wall of old Fort William can be seen on the left. Hollwell's Monument is on the right. It was erected to the memory of the survivors of the 'Black Hole' in 1756, but removed from this site later. The Theatre was built by public subscription in 1775. (BH/TD/1)

Note: A part of the Writers Building is visible on the right side behind the Hollwell's Monument.

Thursday, 21 July 2016

Indu Bhusan Roy

Indu Bhushan Roy
Indu Bhushan Roy

The story of the inhuman torture that Indian freedom fighters had suffered in the jails on the mainland of India and the far off Andamans is not fully known because this has not been properly narrated, not even by those who had undergone the sufferings themselves. There is one case which gives a meagre detail of just a fraction of the limitless methods of diabolical treatment that had been meted out to those whose names ought to go down in history in letters of gold.

Eighteen year old Indu Bhusan Roy, was arrested on 02 May 1908, from 32 Muraripukur Road, Manicktala, together with Barindra Kumar Ghose and others, as an accused in the Alipore Conspiracy Case. The yearning for independence had infected the young heart of Indu and he wanted to serve his motherland by making her free from the 'feringhi' yoke and establish a better Government. He was a student of a High School in Khulna and appeared at the Entrance Examination in 1907 in which he failed. In those days parents used to get their children married at an early age. Indu's father pressed him hard for marriage but he chose to leave behind his parents to lead the life of an ascetic. He had been roaming around when he met Barindra at College Square and was told of the preparations that were secretly going on. He took his residence at Manicktala and began studying the Gita seriously. He gradually developed the idea of sacrificing his life for the country and thus to set an example to his countrymen. He was a keen student of history and books like 'Ananda Math' and other such literature helped him to form this idea.

Friday, 6 May 2016

Views of Calcutta, Part 1

Image 1

Map of Calcutta, 1690

Date: 1690

The city of Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) was formed with the merger of 3 villages - Sutanuti, Kalikata and Gobindapur. Job Charnock, the Englishman, landed at Sutanuti in 1690 with the objective of establishing the East India Company’s Bengal headquarters. As Kalikata did not have any settled native population, the British occupied the site and started the construction of old Fort William in 1696 and acquired the zemindari (land-holding) rights from the Sabarna Roy Choudhury family, the zemindars (landlords) of the area in 1698. (WA/1)

Friday, 29 April 2016

Asoke Nandi

Asoke Nandi
Asoke Nandi

The Muzaffarpore outrage made the British Government lose its head and it carried on with its spirit of vindictiveness to the death's door of its prey. It was apparent to the authorities that teenage boys had got infected with the spirit of patriotism and they had joined the struggle with a high degree of enthusiasm and courage. There were cases where young boys were found to be in charge of duty. Asoke Nandi was a lad of nineteen or just twenty when he earned the distinction of being involved simultaneously in two cases of serious nature against the state.

Asoke was arrested on 02 May 1908 from 134 Harrison Road, a house which formed one of the branches of a grand conspiracy having its centre at Muraripukur Garden, Manicktala. Firstly he was charged under the Explosive Substances Act as bombs, allegedly manufactured in Manicktala, were found in his custody. Secondly he was charged for conspiracy to wage war against the King along with Barindra Kumar Ghosh and others in the Alipore Conspiracy Case.

Thursday, 28 April 2016

Free Indian Legionnaires ordered to surrender to the Russians

Telegram sent by Bose to Nambiar
Telegram sent by Bose to Nambiar

According to the 'Extract from Camp 020 Interim Report on the case of Harald Willibald KIRFEL, minuted to I.P.I. via the War Room on 7.11.45', Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose sent an important telegram to A. C. N. Nambiar in April 1945 and the latter ordered the Free Indian Legionnaires to surrender to the Russians on its basis.

Harald Kirfel was a German who served as Japanese expert and wartime instructor and interpreter. Kirfel was taken over by the Reich Main Security Office (German: Reichssicherheitshauptamt or RSHA) in 1944 to head a section whose purpose was to acquire information on the political situation in Japan. Arrested by the Allies at the end of the war in Milan, he was brought to UK and interrogated at Camp 020.